Where We Be
We got our first good view of the Rock of Gibraltar from
the beach in La Linea, Spain, just across the border
Rock of Gibraltar
This iconic rock is so well known it's almost hard
to see it with fresh eyes. We half-expected to
see a Prudential sign overhead! "The Rock" has
become an international symbol of strength and
stability, and its strategic location at the Strait of
Gibraltar means it has been attacked, besieged,
and fortified since Roman times. Arabs and
Berbers from North Africa invaded here in 711,
ushering in 700 years of Moorish rule in Spain.
The rock is even named after the general who
conquered it, Jebel Tarik ("Mount of Tarik").

Of course today Gibraltar is primarily a tourist
destination, a tiny bastion of British culture at
the tip of Spain. Here you can get your fish and
chips and porter on. But if you want to get off
the beaten path and do something memorable,
we recommend hiking up to the top by way of
the Mediterranean Steps. It's steep but you'll  
be compensated with extraordinary views.
The hand-hewn parts of the tunnel are the most interesting, but the tunnels continue for
much longer. British engineers in World War II  increased their length to 25 miles total!
La Linea is a pleasant town in its own right, with a cute central square
and pedestrian-only streets offering inexpensive food and lodging
We saw the key sights in one long day of touring, starting with Europa Point.
Here, at Gibraltar's southernmost point, the Mediterranean meets the Atlantic.
Harding's Battery at Europa Point, built by the British in the 19th century, was
capable of firing 800-pound projectiles to the far side of the Strait of Gibraltar.
You can descend into the gun battery, which houses some informative plaques.
From above you can see Europa Point, the Strait of Gibraltar, and (beyond) Mount Jebel
Musa in Morocco. In ancient times Gibraltar was one of the two "Pillars of Hercules,"
the other being Jebel Musa. The pillars represented the limits of the known world.
During the approximately one-hour climb you'll come across caves where Neanderthals
once lived. These caves may even be where they last died out some 24,000 years ago.
Still a long way to go! But if you take your
time, it's a steady climb and not too difficult.
And you'll hug the cliff face as you switchback up the steps.
Here you can see ships waiting to pass through the Strait.
Your reward? Glorious views like this
one almost the entire way to the top.
Gulls called, flowers bloomed, and views of the Mediterranean
and the huge Rock itself dominated our attention
Gibraltar's other main attraction is monkeys. These Barbary macaques (just like the
ones we saw in Morocco) are everywhere in Gibraltar -- including on top of cars!
These are the true rulers of
Gibraltar (or at least they think so)
Most of the Rock's upper area is covered by a Nature Reserve,
and some 300 Barbary macaques make their home here
This is the only wild population of monkeys in Europe. They can
be a little intimidating at times, especially if there's food around.
Your ₤10 admission to the Nature Reserve includes entry to St. Michael's Cave. We
were surprised at just how big this cave is -- and it's located halfway up the Rock.
Of course the color is added with colored lights, which is either pretty or gaudy
depending on your point of view. Notice Robin color-coordinated in the center!
St. Michael's is just one of over 100
limestone caves within the Rock of Gibraltar
From the cave we hiked across the Nature Reserve to where the cable cars arrive.
(FYI: The cost of the cable car is in addition to the Nature Reserve admission.)
As you can see, the views from here are tremendous.
That's the town of Gibraltar snugged below.
Around to the right of the previous photo is La Linea, the Spanish border town.
It can make for an affordable alternate base for your visit (it's where we stayed).
Next it was on to the Great Siege Tunnels -- also included in the Nature Reserve admission. These
tunnels were HAND-HEWN back in the late 1700s as Britain did all it could to hold onto its possession.
The cannons atop Gibraltar helped the British effectively control the Strait of Gibraltar. The caves went on for a long time, with openings
here and there for cannons (and ventilation). Life-size mannequins gave us the sense of what it would have been like to man the
cannons during the Great Siege, which began in 1779 and lasted 3½ years! Spain and France were unsuccessful in the end.
We continued downhill to the “City Under Siege” exhibit, an interesting portrayal of life during
the Great Siege. Bored soldiers chiseled graffiti into the walls, and discipline was strict to say
the least. Famine was the biggest issue -- a single cabbage cost 2½ days of a soldier's pay!
Our final stop was the Moorish Castle, built around 1333. Inside
we climbed to the top even though there wasn't much to see.
Phew! Finally down to the bottom, which is where we found all the people. They were
shopping on pedestrian-only Main Street and drinking beer on Casements Square.
But the Moorish Castle is impressive from the
outside -- and it withstood no less than ten sieges!
One last look at Gibraltar as we made our way back to La Linea.
The border crossing was quick and easy when we visited.
Two sides of the same monument celebrate Gibraltar's importance to the
ancient and modern world. The monument stands near the beginning of
the Mediterranean Steps, which offer a steep but scenic way to the top.
You'll pass through a dark
tunnel along the way
This is the view from the high point of the trail at
O'Hara's Battery (9.2" guns near the top of the Rock)
The British sense of humor
is alive and well in Gibraltar